As the African Wood Owl is completely dependent on forest and woodland habitat, it is very susceptible to deforestation (www.iucnredlist.org 2016). 1999). Sometimes it hawks insects or bats in flight or picks insects from vegetation (Kemp & Calburn 1987). E-mail: D.Molepo2@sanbi.org.za. Postal: Private Bag X101, Silverton, 0184. Lepage, D. 1999. 2005). ); bosuil (Afr. 2005, Chittenden et al. Smart strategies Genus: Strix Tel. : 012 843 5146 The African wood owl is medium sized at about 33 cm in height and weighs approximately 290 g, with the males and females being alike (Chittenden et al. Fabian, D.T. The trend of its population appears to be stable, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (> 30% decline over ten years or three generations). The call of the African Wood Owl is a rhythmic series of hoots (who-who, who-who-who, who-are-you) and the calls often alternate between sexes, when the young ones beg, they give a short wheezing call (Steyn 1982). 1994. et al. RELATIVES Family: Strigidae The bill and cere are yellow, the legs are pale buff, barred pale dusky brown and feathered to the toes with yellow feet (Hockey et al. mentalfloss.com/article/68473/15-mysterious-facts-about-owls, Accessed on 09/10/2018. Notes taken at wood Owl’s nest. Description The African wood owl is a medium-sized owl which has the typical rounded head of the genus Strix similar to the Palearctic tawny owl or Holarctic great grey owl Class: Aves The African Wood Owl only has one mate at a time and is a very territorial bird (Scott 1980; Steyn 1984; Steyn & Myburgh 1991; Steyn & Scott 1973). Communicating Most owl species including the African Wood Owl watch over their young closely, but because they are hunters, they often leave the owlets unattended, making them vulnerable to predators such as cats and dogs and other birds of prey (animals.mom.me 2018). The African Wood Owl is also known to inhabit alien pines and eucalypts, and this may have allowed range expansion in some areas (Malan & Steele 1994). Sign up for our mailing list to get latest updates and offers. During hunting, the owl’s wings are silent so as to catch the prey by surprise and because they mostly hunt at night, this is also a good technique used to capture prey with ease. 2016). 1999. It is found in large parts of Africa, including Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, eSwatini and South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal, patchily west to Cape Town and Cederberg, W Cape) (Malan & Steele 1994, Mendelsohn 1997). 1980. & Zelaya, P.V. Biodiversity Science, http://science.jrank.org/pages/4956/Owls-Importance-owls.html#ixzz5TPykpESv, https://animals.mom.me/animal-preys-owls-5389.html, https://www.boredpanda.com/camouflage-owl, https://www.quora.com/How-did-owls-come-to-be-associated-with-wisdom-and-knowledge, Nature’s Treasure Box & Create a Creature, Report complaints on environmental and/or social harms and gender discrimination arising from SANBI’s activities. Unpublished manuscript. Tel: +27 (0)12 843 5000 2016). Family life: Order: Strigiformes Predictive modeling for allopatric. Steyn, P. & Myburgh, N. 1991. ‘Strigidae’ (Online), Animal Diversity Web. Physical: 2 Cussonia Ave, Brummeria, Pretoria. Encounter with a wood owl, Giniri, J.M., Palacio, F.X. The predators, however, are quite careful when approaching the owl’s nests, because owls can easily kill four-footed attackers, and will not hesitate to do so when protecting their young. (eds). 2016, Anon 1962). The family Strigidae comprises of about 25 genera (Cholewiak 2003), which consists of 17 species (Giniri 2017) including Strix woodfordii (African Wood Owl) and the species in the genus Strix are generally known as the Wood owls. The African Wood Owl is recorded from densely wooded areas including moist evergreen forests, tall deciduous woodland, riparian forests, dense coastal bush and well-treed gardens (Mendelsohn 1997; Steyn 1982). The African Wool Owl is monogamous and each pair occupies a territory (Scott 1980; Steyn 1982; Steyn 1984; Steyn & Myburgh 1991; Steyn & Scott 1973) in extensive forests or along large rivers, and these territories may be contiguous (Hockey et al. The African wood owl belongs to the family Strigidae and this family constitutes species of a group informally known as the ‘true owls’. Succulent Karoo Programme The dates for laying eggs differ depending on locality. Email: email@example.com The South African National Biodiversity Institute (SANBI) contributes to South Africa’s sustainable development by facilitating access to biodiversity data, generating information and knowledge, building capacity, providing policy advice, showcasing and conserving biodiversity in its national botanical and zoological gardens. Further notes on the wood owl. 1973. African Wood Owl (Eng. All owls, including the African Wood Owl, have been linked with death, evil and other superstitions from ancient times, and many cultures believes owls are a sign of death, having reported to have predicted the death of Julius Caesar (www.mentalfloss.com 2018; www.quora.com 2018). ... MOTTLED WOOD OWL Call, Sound in Day and Night - Duration: 0:36. Species: S. woodfordii (Smith A., 1834), Author(s): Dikobe Molepo & The Rural Citizen Science Birding Project, Team Finches (Tshegofatso Motene, Dipolelo Mahlo, Lizzy Masinga, Percy Mafumane and Tsietsi Moraba) The range of this species has expanded into well-wooded suburban areas close to indigenous forests (Chittenden et al. Poorer world without me It feeds mostly on insects, small birds, rodents, frogs, small snakes, small mammals and centipedes (Hockey et al. Mendelson, J.M. 2016). & Ryan, P.G. Percy FitzPatrick Institute, University of Cape Town. The African Wood Owl mainly hunts from low perches, dropping on the prey on the ground with prey probably located by sound (Kemp & Calburn 1987). Conservation status and what the future holds Hockey, P.A.R., Dean, W.R.Y. For the above mentioned reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern (www.iucnredlist.org 2016). The tail and the flight feathers are barred pale and dark brown, the underpart is barred russet, dark brown and off white (Hockey et al. Common names: The African Wood Owl emerges after dark and usually calls soon thereafter, the calling continues for long periods and at intervals throughout the night, especially in summer (Hockey et al. Organisation: SANBI, Zoological Systematics Scientific Name and Classification: Unexpected behavior of nesting wood owls. They have also been associated with witches and other so-called evil beings. The African Wood Owl and a number of Neotropical owl species were previously placed in the genus Ciccaba, but due to their close relatedness to species of the genus Strix, they have now been included in the genus Strix (Claus et al. 2, Cholewiak, D. 2003. Kingdom: Animalia The juveniles fledges with pale rufous down (soft feathers found under the tougher exterior feathers of a bird), which is retained for up to five months (Chittenden et al. The Latin name Strix referred to a legendary vamparic owl-monster believed to suck the blood of infants (Jobling 2010). Sex: 2005, Chittenden et al. The African Wood Owl is one of those species of birds that are incredibly good at camouflaging and therefore are extremely efficient in hiding from predators and prey, especially in the daytime when they are mostly inactive (www.boredpanda.com 2018). Nature collapse imminent without investment, 'Wildlife Conservation 20' warns G20, From student representative to Kazakhstan conservation CEO, Call for proposals: cultural landscapes in Lebanon, African Wood-Owl, Woodford's Owl, West African Wood Owl, Senegal and Gambia to s Sudan s to n Angola, c DR Congo and Uganda, s Angola and DR Congo to sw Tanzania and South Africa, Chouette africaine, Woodford-Kauz, Afrika-Waldkauz, Woodfordkauz, Afrikanischer Waldkauz, Afrikanischer Waldkauz, afrikai erdeibagoly, Африканская циккаба, Африканская лесная сова, Сова африканская лесная. ); zizi (chiShona); mankhudu (xiTsonga); lerubisana (Setswana); ibengwana (isiXhosa); uMabhengwane/uNobathekeli (isiZulu); leribiši (Sepedi). BirdLife International. 2005). The bugweed lace bug is […]. Notes of the breeding biology of the wood owl. 1997. The largest zoo in the country and the only one with national status. (eds). 2005). The population size has not been quantified, although it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (< 10 000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be > 10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). African Scops-Owl call - Kruger National Park - Duration: 0:13. The call of the African Wood Owl is a rhythmic series of hoots (who-who, who-who-who, who-are-you) and the calls often alternate between sexes, when the young ones beg, they give a short wheezing call (Steyn 1982).
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