of the other major “Eastern” philosophers, Sun Tzu’s advice and aphorisms never touched upon spiritual matters, but remained largely planted in terra firma. He can’t be credited for launching the 17th century Iranian Renaissance, but scholars generally consider Sadr ad-Din Muhammad Shirazi its most significant contributor. Religion and philosophy — particularly those promoted by some of the others listed here — received considerable suppression as the nation’s attentions zoomed in on industrialization and modernization. — and some even debate whether or not he was a real or apocryphal individual. The founder of Taoism outlined all the tenets of his globally beloved philosophy in the Tao Te Ching sometime between the 6th and 4th centuries B.C. In his Analects — and, some theorize, the Five Classics (Spring and Autumn Annals, Classic of Poetry, Classic of Changes, Classic of Rites, and Classic of History) — this 6th and 5th century B.C. Skip to: A Shia, he penned a library’s worth of literature pulling from previous Islamic philosophers and scientists and melting them together into one overarching mindset many cite as the direct ancestor of the later existentialist movement. The list stops at the year 1950, after which philosophers fall into the category of contemporary philosophy. To look up a philosopher you know the name of, click on the first letter of their last name. Li, an ethical framework encouraging the populace to behave appropriately, serves as the best introduction to his philosophies for beginners hoping to learn more. Although, of course, militaries across Asia — especially those in China, Japan, and Vietnam — used it to dictate the direction of everything from small skirmishes to the revolution against French colonials. From there, he traversed across his native Pakistan and beyond preaching the virtues of worshiping a single deity through honest, simple, and devout actions revolving around humility and ensuring the safety and well-being of others. Through books such as On Guerilla Warfare and On New Democracy (among others), he swayed the citizenry toward communist ideals and instigated the Great Leap Forward and Cultural Revolution which wiped out millennia of academia and art in favor of something very new and very different. Harmony with nature as opposed to working against its will forms the crux of this religious and philosophical approach, making it ideal for anyone hoping to reduce stresses in their lives. Unlike most (but not all!) This is a wide-ranging alphabetical list of philosophers from the Eastern traditions of philosophy, with special interest in Indo-Chinese philosophy. The philosophy and faith encourages the pursuit of these principles through as many lifetimes as it takes to finally achieve perfect bliss and knowledge in Nirvana. The founder of Taoism outlined all the tenets of his globally beloved philosophy in the Tao Te Ching sometime between the 6th and 4th centuries B.C. Sikhism dates back to roughly 1499, when its founder Guru Nanak Dev — also known as the faith’s first great leader — disappeared for several days and returned with the belief that Hindus and Muslims have it all wrong. He only founded Buddhism, after all. Although Guru Arjan Dev (the fifth of the first ten gurus) is credited with compiling the Sikh’s sacred text Guru Granth Sahib, the book hews closely to the originating philosophies. This is a wide-ranging alphabetical list of philosophers from the Eastern traditions of philosophy, with special interest in Indo-Chinese philosophy. Content | To find philosophers by core area, field, major philosophical tradition, ethnicity, or time periods, see the subheadings further below. Before 256 BCE (until the end of the Zhou dynasty), 221 BCE – 220 CE (Qin, Han and Xin dynasties), 220 CE – 907 CE (Three Kingdoms period to Tang dynasty), 907–1368 (Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period to Yuan dynasty), Late Vedic age 800–400 BCE (Sectarianism), 184 BCE–100 CE (Early Middle Kingdoms Begin – The Golden Age), 100–300 (Cholas, Cheras, Pandavas and Kushan Empire), 600–900 (Late Middle Kingdoms – The Classical Age), 1100–1500 (Vijaynagara Empire and Delhi Sultanate), 1500–1800 (Mughal Empire, Rajput Kingdoms and Marahtha Confederacy Era), 1800–1947 (Colonial and Postcolonial Era), Until 1185 CE (until the end of the Heian period), 1333–1867 (Muromachi period to Edo period), Until 676 CE (until the end of the Three Kingdoms period), Bhai gurdas :foundation sikh philosophy ,Indian six school interpretation, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Timeline_of_Eastern_philosophers&oldid=977602937, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Krishna Chandra Bhattacharya(1875–1949) Phenomenology, This page was last edited on 9 September 2020, at 20:53. The list stops at the year 1950, after which philosophers fall into the category of contemporary philosophy. © 2020 BachelorsDegreeOnline.com, a Red Ventures Company, The 8 Eastern Philosophers Every Student Should Study, Economics: The Most Employable Liberal Art, Better off Bachelors: Why a Bachelor’s Degree is Your Best Bet, How to Handle Criticism in College and Beyond, 8 Predictions on the Future of College Accreditation. — and some even debate whether or not he was a real or apocryphal individual. Maoism synthesized Marxist and Leninist philosophies with the unique needs of China and forever altered the course of world history and geopolitics after its namesake initiated the Chinese Revolution of 1949. The alphabetical list of philosophers is so large it had to be broken up into several pages. During the 13th century, lush lyrical works such as the collections Matnawiye Ma’nawi and Diwan-e Kabir explored spirituality so intensely, so provocatively, much of the Islamic intellectual and creative world at the time found him absolutely inspiring. thinker promoted ancestor worship, strong filial bonds, and considerate living. Rumi’s poetry and philosophy regarding Sufi mysticism directly led to the establishment of the Mewlewi Sufi Order, known to most of the “Western” world as the “Whirling Dervishes,” following his passing. Those hailing from the “Eastern” world have held just as much of a global impact over religion, politics, art, science, and more, making them well worth academic inquiry. Although details of his life will likely remain disputed for a while yet, the Four Noble Truths Buddha taught stay largely static. Philosophy majors and minors alike, if they hope to receive a well-rounded look at the diverse perspectives out there, need to look beyond the more familiar “Western” ideologies. The Transcendent Philosophy of the Four Journeys of the Intellect took nearly a quarter-century to compile, and covers a good chunk of history and Mulla Sadra’s influences, partnered with encyclopedic commentary. Many of the parables and maxims shared in Confucius’ writings espouse humanistic ideologies, placing the well-being of all over the needs of the few. Sidebar | Navigation | For him and his followers, faith stood as a deeply personal journey with minimal adherence to a rigid doctrine. Far, far more than eight names left their mark on the philosophy and culture of Asia, of course, but anyone just launching their studies might find the following a reasonable start. Footer. In his most influential (to put it mildly) work, he touts the concept of the Tao, an invisible structure which drives all things, and believes enlightenment comes from attaining oneness with the surrounding universe. The Art of War sits on the shelves of colonels and CEOs alike because its details of successful psychological strategies hold applications far beyond the battlefield. Indian prince Siddhartha Gautama probably lived around the 6th or 5th century B.C., but even today his spiritual guidance inspires millions of practitioners globally.
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