Declassified minutes from an air ministry meeting, held in the war office on November 3, 1953, show why the military were interested in increasing rain and snow by artificial means. The list of possible uses included "bogging down enemy movement", "incrementing the water flow in rivers and streams to hinder or stop enemy crossings", and clearing fog from airfields. The testing was limited due to restrictions in place because of foot and mouth disease, and it is inconclusive. UK weather modification experiments at the time targeted 'super cool' clouds to increase the volume of freezing water vapour particles. Most methods involved firing particles of salt, dry ice, or silver iodide, into clouds, either from an aeroplane or from burners on the ground. The British Geological Survey has recently examined soil sediments in the district of Lynmouth to see if any silver or iodide residues remain. Survivors of the Lynmouth flood called for - but never got - a full investigation into the causes of the disaster. "You know most people have got something handed down from their mum, or their grandmother. Rain-making link to killer floods Government "rain-makers" used adapted gliders Thirty-five deaths in the infamous Lynmouth flood disaster came only days after RAF rain-making … The school was above where we lived and they were all there except three people who lived in one of the other cottages. But controversy still surrounds the efficacy of these early cloud-seeding experiments. UK weather modification experiments at the time presaged current practice in the US. Whether or not the Lymouth Flood Disaster was linked to the rainmaking experiments, 90 million tons of water cascaded down the steep narrow valleys of the twin rivers Lyn towards the small harbour village that night causing death and devastation. Former RAF servicemen have described how they took part in the experiments in the years running up to the flood, a claim consistently denied by the Ministry of Defence. On this day, August 15 1952, the cloud seeding experiments came to a sudden end, official documents have confirmed. However, silver residue has been discovered in the catchment waters of the river Lyn. In 1955 questions were asked in the Commons about the possibilities of liability and compensation claims. The scientists were based at Cranfield school of aeronautics and worked in collaboration with the RAF and the MoD's meteorological research flight based at Farnborough. We flew down to see if any rain came out of the cloud. Methods included firing particles of salt, dry ice, or silver iodide, into clouds, either from an aeroplane or from burners on the ground. Not all of the people killed were in Lynmouth. But documents suggest that Operation Cumulus was going on between August 4 and August 15 1952. They refused to leave. Not a thing left. Survivors of the Lynmouth flood called for - but never got - a full investigation into the causes of the disaster. Matt Taylor was delighted with the win and said he wouldn’t want to be a defender against this group of players at the moment. The Day They Made It Rain, Radio 4 , 8.30pm. RAF navigator Group Captain John Hart remembers the early experiments, The Guardian reported : "We flew straight through the top of the cloud, poured dry ice down into the cloud. One incident where they may have had a point comes from the Lynmouth Flood Conspiracy Theory. On the anniversary of the Lynmouth tragedy that claimed 34 lives, we look at compelling evidence that scientists were carrying out cloud seeding experiments, Get the pick of the week's stories and fascinating Devon history features direct to your inbox every Saturday morning in our exclusive Weekend Report newsletter. Unearthed documents suggest experiment triggered torrent that killed 35 in Devon disaster. Swept away - 34 died in the Lynmouth Flood Disaster A 60-year-old radio broadcast unearthed by Radio 4 describes an aeronautical engineer … All gone. Rumours persist to this day of planes … explains more about how we use your data, and your rights. The idea was to target "super cool" clouds, and to increase the volume of freezing water vapour particles. This would produce a far wider area of radioactive contamination than in a normal atomic explosion". Our. He survived by climbing across rooftops and watched as cars, buildings and whole trees were swept by just feet from him. The clouds would be pulled below freezing by the extra weight of dense particles, making the rain fall sooner and heavier. Operation Cumulus was the name of the experiment being carried out by the RAF and an international team of scientists in August 1952. In 1955 questions were asked in the Commons about the possibilites of liability and compensation claims. The disaster was officially termed a 'hand of God' event. "I was told that the rain had been the heaviest for several years - and all out of a sky which looked summery ... there was no disguising the fact that the seedsman had said he'd make it rain, and he did. One eye-witness was John Pedder (pictured above in 2017). The chemicals were provided by ICI in Billingham. Rumours persist to this day of planes circling before the inundation. The Ministry of Defence has categorically denied knowledge of any cloud-seeding experiments taking place in the UK during early August 1952. And more than one person observed that the clouds above North Devon and West Somerset were moving in completely opposite directions. The flooding … That was that for the cottages - and for the three old people. Wendy Marker was working at a local hotel on that fateful Friday night, when her parents decided to evacuate their home. He was elated when the scientists told him this had led to a heavy downpour 50 miles away over Staines, in Middlesex. Operation Cumulus was put on hold indefinitely after the tragedy. Squadron Leader Len Otley, who was working on what was known as Operation Cumulus, has told the BBC that they jokingly referred to the rainmaking exercise as Operation Witch Doctor. Operation Cumulus was put on hold indefinitely after the tragedy. The deaths included babies, children, teenagers, back-packers, husbands and wives and the elderly. When is the FA Cup third round draw and what ball number are Exeter City? But a 50-year-old radio broadcast unearthed by Radio 4 describes an aeronautical engineer and glider pilot, Alan Yates, working with Operation Cumulus at the time and flying over Bedfordshire, spraying quantities of salt. On August 15, 1952, one of the worst flash floods ever to have occurred in Britain swept through the Devon village of Lynmouth. The worst post-war flooding disaster in Britain took place in the North Devon village of Lynmouth in 1952, in a tragedy which claimed 34 lives. Devon Live looks at cases from Exeter, Torbay, North and South Devon. Not a single hand-me-down. Confidence 'sky high' and Exeter City players 'buzzing' after FA Cup win at Gillingham, "When we got the ball down and started playing we showed what a great team we are and we could have scored more goals,” said two goal hero Joel Randall, Gillingham 2 Exeter City 3 - Grecians into Round Three after causing FA Cup upset, Goals from Nicky Law and a Joel Randall double see City make Round Three, Premier League club – ideally Manchester United - is who Matt Taylor wants in FA Cup round 3, But if Exeter City aren't drawn against one of the big boys, then a winnable tie is the manager's preference. Very old. Many countries now use the technology, which has considerably improved during the past 50 years. Until now, the Ministry of Defence has categorically denied knowledge of any cloud-seeding experiments taking place in the UK during early August 1952.
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