Paraphrasing is common when writing an essay or research paper. Paraphrasing is rewording text so that the original meaning is there but it is in a new form. Quoting in APA Style. The examples used on this page refer to an interpretation of a literary text (Sophocles' Antigone) but the same principles apply to any sources you might use in an essay. The patients with lifetime conditions are not restricted to the hospital facilities. Quoting in APA Style. Whenever possible, you should begin your citation with the author’s last name and the year of publication, and, in the case of a direct quote like this passage, the page number (including the “p.”) in parentheses at the end. This is why it is key that you introduce and explain your evidence. When writing a report or a research paper, you'll need to master paraphrasing to present relevant information in a clear, concise way. An Example of Plagiarized Paraphrasing. The following passage is from pages 14 to 15 of Elements of Tragedy, by Dorothea Krook (New Haven: Yale UP, 1969). Original: Giraffes like Acacia leaves and hay, and they can consume 75 pounds of food a day. A paraphrase … Because Krugman is an expert in economics, these ideas are his and should be cited as such.  X Trustworthy Source Purdue Online Writing Lab Trusted resource for writing and citation guidelines G… Summaries are much shorter than the original passage, while paraphrasing can be shorter, longer or the same length. In a literary analysis paper, for example, you”ll want to quote from the literary text rather than summarize, because part of your task in this kind of paper is to analyze the specific words and phrases an author uses. Writers often paraphrase sentences and paragraphs to deliver information in a more concise way, as you'll see in the examples below. Paraphrase: She lived through the exciting era of women's liberation. 1. For example: In this case, the writer put Paul Krugman's ideas into their own words, but still gave credit for them by naming him as the source. Practice putting facts and figures into your own words, and be sure to cite sources in the format required by your instructor, and you'll have no trouble getting your point across without worrying about plagiarism. An example is when you are analyzing literature, or evaluating the wording of an advertisement. All Rights Reserved, Examples of Paraphrasing Without Plagiarizing, One of his closest associates = closest friend and associate, His mother colludes with his uncle = his mother and uncle are conspiring, His kids click through Web sites = his children are surfing the Web. Focus on the sentences that most effectively support your ideas or arguments, and condense them into a paraphrased statement. In The Sopranos, the mob is besieged as much by inner infidelity as it is by the federal government. Here is a revision that is GOOD (or at least BETTER): Cameron (2002) points out that computer criminals intent on committing credit card fraud are able to take advantage of the fact that there aren’t enough officials working to enforce computer crimes. See examples of how to quote, paraphrase and summarize this paragraph below: Quoting Use Quotation when you are repeating something from a source exactly word for word. The main ideas need to come through, but the wording has to be your own. Jot down a few words below your paraphrase to remind you later how you envision using this material. However, it would also have been acceptable to end an improved paraphrase with just the author’s last name and the date of publication in parentheses. If you are quoting or paraphrasing your own previous work, treat it as another person’s work (i.e., you must still use quotation marks and/or citations). For example: In this example, Dr. King's exact words are quoted, and he is given credit for them in the sentence. These are well-known facts accepted by all and do not require sources. This gives credit to the original author for their ideas. Generally, APA style prefers that the research writer refer to the author only by last name followed immediately by the year of publication. Remember: your readers have no way of automatically knowing why you as a research writer think that a particular piece of evidence is useful in supporting your point. They do not have a restriction to discharge their core roles and responsibilities. Basically, you are writing something in your own words that still expresses the original idea.
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