While this was a short-lived encounter, Muslims eventually left a lasting influence in North Africa which has since spread to western, eastern, and central Africa. In the Empire of Mali, in West Africa, a city known as Timbuktu rose up as a place of culture, learning, and enterprise. The extremely long cohabitation of Islam in Africa and African Islam has also had an impact at the cultural level of East Africans. In contrast, an association with Islam sometim… Islam had profound effects on all aspects of daily life and society but these did vary over time and place. Upon a split between two doctrines of Islam, the Sunni's and the Shiites, a new Islamic dynasty was founded in Egypt called the Fatimid Dynasty. As Islam spread across the Arabian Peninsula and later across North Africa and the Middle East, it had an aggregating effect. The Islamic Effect on Africa 1 Accessing Africa. Over the centuries, Muslims have made significant contributions to Africa as we know it. Islam had a great impact on the people and states of Western Sudan and for that matter West Africa in general. An article linked below gives details regarding this monumental project. Although Islamic writings did not prohibit slavery, they did set guidelines as to how slaves should be treated. Today, Cairo houses the world’s second-oldest university, Al-Azhar, and the latter two are UNESCO World Heritage sites. When the Fatimid Dynasty established itself in Egypt it also established trading docks called entrepots in Cairo and Alexandria. Islamic impacted politics as well and gave Africa a more advanced and forward thinking appearance to the rest of the world. Most Muslims in Africa are non-denominational Muslims or Sunni; the complexity of Islam in Africa is revealed in the various schools of thought, traditions, and voic… After the Fatimid invasion of Egypt, Islam began to permeate through the rest of Africa. Africa was the first continent into which Islam spread from Southwest Asia, during the early 7th century CE. This is spectacular and indebted article I learned a lot from it you have done justice with the topic. Each of these cities is profiled in this section, complete with historical and intellectual overviews. The occupants of these areas had been nomadic tribes for a very long time. Captured and sold into forced labor through the Muslim controlled trade routes, Africans became a status symbol for the wealthy in Arabia. However, with education becoming more accessible, surrounding Africans took advantage of the opportunity to participate in higher learning and literacy rates in Africa soared. Social, cultural, and political aspects were all altered and never returned to their untouched, original states. According to linguistics, African languages affected by are rather also limited in the expression of developed reflections or abstract. In southern Africa, Muslims are tiny but vibrant minorities. Mansa Musa was Muslim, and upon his trip to Mecca, in Arabia, he passed through Cairo, the Fatimid Dynasty capitol. The following are the effects of Islam in West Africa. Previously, Africa was known to be underdeveloped and backward, and African tradition had been passed down orally. These trading docks generally shipped to Arabia, the most Muslim dominated part of the world. Only the narrow stretch of the Red Sea separates the Arabian peninsula from North Africa, and Islam... 2 North Africa. In conclusion, Islam had an enduring influence both in Africa and in the lives of the African diaspora, as clearly exhibited through the various articles in this section. Africa was impacted socially by Islam through the institution of the Islamic run slave trade. A brief biography of each personality is presented in this section, with a focus on their individual achievements. Uniting Society in Every Aspects. Furthermore, contrary to the conventional belief that a predominantly oral culture has always existed in Africa, a rich literate culture thrived among Africans historically – going back as far as a millennium. The Impact of Islam. Islam’s sweeping power and popularity impacted Africa in a profound way, changing the continent and its people forever. Despite all of these changes, West Africa maintained some continuity as well. Some continuity is also inferred from Mansa Musa's display. The East African languages are, in general, languages with solid vocabulary. Many of these slaves were literate and continued to secretly practice their religion, as in the prominent example of Omar ibn Said. Islam’s presence in African history dates back to the first phase of the Prophet Muhammad’s mission, when in 615 A.D. he instructed a group of Muslims to seek refuge in Abyssinia (present-day Ethiopia). In fact, John Hunwick and R.S. Muslims crossed current Djibouti and Somalia to seek refuge in present-day Eritrea and Ethiopia during the Hijrah (Arabic: هِـجْـرَة, 'Migration') to the Christian Kingdom of Aksum. Islam had already spread into northern Africa by the mid-seventh century A.D., only a few decades after the prophet Muhammad moved with his followers from Mecca to Medina on the neighboring Arabian Peninsula (622 A.D./1 A.H.).
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