Case Study: Tourism – Canada’s Surprise Blind Spot, In a 2014 episode of the Voice of Canadian Business, the Canadian Chamber of Commerce’s podcast, host Mary Anne Carter sat down with Greg Klassen, the CTC’s president and CEO, and Michele Saran, executive director of Business Events Canada. Spotlight On: The Canadian Tourism Commission. Understanding tourism: Basic glossary. What major transportation developments gave rise to the tourism industry in Canada? History of heliskiing in Canada. Figure 1.1 Selkirk College and Nelson by LinkBC is used under a CC-BY 2.0 license. Our national airline, Air Canada, was formed in 1937 as Trans-Canada Air Lines. In 1845, he ran his first commercial packaged tour, complete with cost-effective railway tickets and a printed guide (Thomas Cook, 2014). (2014). Why is the CTC focussing their business events sales strategies on these industries? The following case study highlights this in more detail: Take a Closer Look: Tourism Pays in Richmond, BC, The community of Richmond, BC, brings to life the far-reaching positive economic effects of tourism in action. Many feel the decline in American visitors to Canada can be attributed to tighter passport and border regulations, the economic downturn (including the 2008 global economic crisis), and a stronger Canadian dollar (TIAC, 2014). Before we seek to understand the five industry groupings in more detail, it’s important to have an overview of the history and impacts of tourism to date. In its August 2014 expenditure barometer, the UNWTO found worldwide visitation had increased by 22 million people in the first half of the year over the previous year, to reach 517 million visits (UNWTO, 2014a). And because of this large scope, tourism development requires participation from all walks of life, including private business, governmental agencies, educational institutions, communities, and citizens. (2014b). The North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) was jointly created by the Canadian, US, and Mexican governments to ensure common analysis across all three countries (British Columbia Ministry of Jobs, Tourism and Skills Training, 2013a). For more information, visit the Tourism Industry Association of Canada’s website: http://tiac.travel/About.html. Canadians travelling domestically accounted for 80% of tourism revenues in the country, and TIAC suggested that a focus on rebounding US visitation would help grow the industry (TIAC, 2014). [PDF] Retrieved from http://linkbc.ca/siteFiles/85/files/TCTT.pdf, MacEachern, A. According to the World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC), H & T is the world’s largest industry, and has a current annual growth rate of 4.2% worldwide. The evolution of the grand tour: Anglo-Italian cultural relations since the Renaissance. All these businesses need staff to check in guests, provide housekeeping, employ maintenance workers, and provide a place for people to sleep. The ski industry was also on the rise: in 1961, the lodge and chairlift on Tod Mountain (now Sun Peaks) opened, and Whistler followed suit five years later (PricewaterhouseCoopers, 2009). In 1778, Captain James Cook touched down on Vancouver Island, followed by James Douglas in 1842, a British agent who had been sent to find new headquarters for the Hudson’s Bay Company, ultimately choosing Victoria. In the mountain community of Kimberley, for instance, the following improvements were implemented through a $3.1 million forgivable loan: a new road to the ski resort, a covered tennis court, a mountain lodge, an alpine slide, and nine more holes for the golf course (e-Know, 2011). IRTS 2008 para 2.8: An inbound trip will correspond to the travel between arriving in a country and leaving, here is the 1st lesson for L6 starting OCR Level 2 TRavel & Tourism - for Unit 1 - exploring T&T - in the hope that other T&T teachers will post their resources too! As such, they can be grouped together under the heading of accommodation. (2011, November). Simply put, the hospitality industry is the combination of the accommodation and food and beverage groupings, collectively making up the largest segment of the industry. (2003a). Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, Specify the commonly understood definitions of tourism and tourist, Classify tourism into distinct industry groups using North American Industry Classification Standards (NAICS), Gain knowledge about the origins of the tourism industry, Provide an overview of the economic, social, and environmental impacts of tourism worldwide, Understand the history of tourism development in Canada and British Columbia, Analyze the value of tourism in Canada and British Columbia, Identify key industry associations and understand their mandates, Domestic (residents of a given country travelling only within that country), Inbound (non-residents travelling in a given country), Outbound (residents of one country travelling in another country), Food and beverage services (commonly known as “F & B”), Change or loss of indigenous identity and values, Physical causes of social stress (increased demand for resources), Ethical issues (such as an increase in sex tourism or the exploitation of child workers), Depletion of natural resources (water, forests, etc. The decade that followed is considered to have been a significant period in tourism development, as more travel companies came onto the scene, increasing competition for customers and moving toward “mass tourism, introducing new destinations and modes of holidaying” (Gyr, 2010, p. 32). Figure 1.4 Canadian Pacific 4-4-0 A-2-m No 136 by Peter Broster is used under a CC-BY 2.0 license. Tourism impacts can be grouped into three main categories: economic, social, and environmental. Accommodation 2. Following the 1886 construction of small lodges at stops in Field, Rogers Pass, and Fraser Canyon, the CPR opened the Hotel Vancouver in May 1887 (Dawson, 2004). So let’s begin our exploration in Chapter 2 with a closer look at a critical sector: transportation. Goin’ down the road: The story of the first cross-Canada car trip. (2013b). Value of tourism toolkit: Why focus on the value of tourism? Before engaging in a study of tourism, let’s have a closer look at what this term means. An Introduction to Tourism Leonard J. Lickorish Former Director General, British Tourist Authority Carson L. Jenkins PhD Professor of International Tourism, The Scottish Hotel School, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, UK. Opportunity BC 2020: Tourism sector. You will also learn about the Canadian and global contexts of the tourism industry’s development. Explore the Tourism Vancouver Island website: http://valueoftourism.ca/. Why? the travel then, is the price paid for the tourism product rather than merely the travel cost, although travel cost will most likely be incurred to reach to the point of embarkation. Lesson 1: Introduction to Hospitality and Tourism Page 1 National Content Standards 10.1.1 Determine the roles and functions of individuals engaged in hospitality, tourism, and recreation careers. Integrated Model of Tourism 1.2.1. (2008). We, with all due modesty, cannot help but claim that we are entering British Columbia’s half-century, and cannot help but observe that B.C. What other industries are affected by this brand? Retrieved from http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/national/goin-down-the-road-the-story-of-the-first-cross-canada-car-trip/article4487425/, McLeish. Business Tourism: Trade shows, conventions, exhibitions and meetings etc. UNWTO Secretary-General Taleb Rifai stated this excess of $1 trillion was especially important news given the global economic crisis of 2008, as tourism could help rebuild still-struggling economies, because it is a key export and labour intensive (UNWTO, 2012). Pennant’s tour in Scotland in 1769. The Monthly Review; or, Literary Journal XLVI: 150. Figure 1.7 CTC’s Boardroom by LinkBC is used under a CC-BY 2.0 license. Spotlight On: The Tourism Industry Association of BC, Founded in 1993 as the Council of Tourism Associations, today the Tourism Industry Association of BC (TIABC) is a not-for-profit trade association comprising members from private sector tourism businesses, industry associations, and destination marketing organizations (DMOs). Introduction To Tourism - II Student Handbook, Class - X Price : ` 35.00 First Edition : April 2016, CBSE Copies : 16,000 Paper used : 80 gsm CBSE Watermark White Maplitho "This book or part thereof may not be reproduced by any person or agency in any manner." According to UNEP, what are the four types of negative environmental tourism impact?
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