patterns of culture definition

. Benedict wrote idealistically of an "arc of culture," a virtually infinite inventory of possibilities for human life, from which each society had in effect selected a set of specific elements in order to create their own way of life. These cannot be explained in terms of biological needs. In this sense “the super-organic” becomes a useful synonym for ‘culture’. Dissimilarities of social practices among various groups of Indians illustrate this point. Its author, Ruth Benedict, did no fieldwork, but wrote evocatively about cultural diversity. Cultural patterns are shaped according to the region where people live, the economic activities that take place there, the academic level and the groups of friends they frequent, among other factors, to establish a model or scheme of values. These products may be both symbolic and non-symbolic. David A. Hollinger. Each particular human group has its own distinctive standardised pattern of behaviour. In other words, each group has a distinct design for living. In other words, this particular rock has a meaning which rocks in general do not have. Redfield’s use of the phrase ‘persisting through tradition’ is a recognition of the important fact that what is learned in one generation is passed on to successive generations. That his tribe was in decline showed that their cup was now "broken.". Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites: http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html. It seems fairly reasonable to conclude that the rock was once used in behaviour systems, such as fighting or the production of food. Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA). In Cambridge History of Science. For example, we can investigate the physical traits dug up in the ruins of ancient societies and can reconstruct the modes of life, i.e., the cultural behaviour, that are likely to have prevailed among those people. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. The term super-organic does not, however, indicate that it is, in any way, superior to the organic or the inorganic. More than a century of ethnographic research profoundly supports the theory of cultural relativity, the theory that…, Culture areas are geographical territories in which characteristic culture patterns are recognizable through repeated associations of specific traits…, ANTHROPOLOGY AND ETHNOLOGY. According to this view, the Negroes, Caucasians, and the Mongoloids are expected to possess different cultures by virtue of their different biological features. This universal culture-pattern may be expressed in terms of the following: (iii) All have developed some sort of a system relating to food, clothing, shelter, etc. Man, on the other hand, possesses little, if anything at all, of instinctive skills or knowledge which might enable him to survive singly or in groups. The concept of culture as a distinct design for living is a useful tool for differentiating one society from another. It is true, as is evident from the above discussion, that climate and geography cannot be regarded as determinants of culture. Encyclopedia.com. © 2017 SociologyDiscussion - All rights reserved Terms of Service Privacy Policy Contact Us. Dictionary of American History. Similarly, an ordinary piece of ground becomes a cultural trait if its meaning is modified, as in the case of a holy place, a burial ground or a football ground, as a result of inter-human behaviour. However, the date of retrieval is often important. For example, the Andamanese do not whistle at night because they believe it will attract spirits; among non-Andama­nese, say, among us, on the other hand, it is supposed to be one way to keep up one’s spirits when walking past a graveyard at night. This art of symbolic communication enables man to transmit experiences gained in one generation to successive generation?

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