physical geography of north america

/Contents 8 0 R Canada’s Bay of Fundy has the greatest tidal range in the world. dry land on the side of a mountain facing away from prevailing winds. Privacy Notice |  Kara West. It extends over eastern, central, and northwestern Canada. Also known as an ice age. These resources can be used to teach middle schoolers more about the natural world, its distinctive features, and landscapes. Wetland areas are a biome of the eastern region and consist of areas of land whose soil is saturated with permanent or seasonal moisture. Click on above map to view higher resolution image. Parts of California and western Mexico form the partial edge of the Pacific Plate, with the two plates meeting along the San Andreas fault. The Caribbean region is composed of the Caribbean Sea and the more than 7,000 islands that fill it. study of the natural features and processes of the Earth. << >> /F7 7 0 R Resources can be natural or human. Native grasses vary in size from 2 meters (7 feet) in tallgrass prairies to only 20 or 25 centimeters (8 or 10 inches) in shortgrass prairies. 2 terms. Melissa McDaniel /Pattern << 10 0 obj OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR. event or symbol representing a belief, nation, or community. fossil fuel formed from the remains of marine plants and animals. Physical Geography of North America. Andrew Turgeon, Mary Crooks, National Geographic Society /SM 0.02 endobj The Florida Everglades is the largest wetland system in the United States, covering more than 11,137 square kilometers (4,300 square miles) of southern Florida. series or chain of mountains that are close together. 2. /ca 1.0 Sawgrass marshes are the most iconic plant community of the Everglades and thrive on the slow-moving water of the wetlands. rocky ocean features made up of millions of coral skeletons. ��_���ԕ:��חL��'�+��O�� ��� ?���a���$lj䳄sM�e���i�ˏQ�.�1��$�?6b��S�1�������J]U���`. Tim Gunther, Illustrator, Jeannie Evers, Emdash Editing Within these regions are all the major types of biomes in the world. Also called a key. /CSpg /DeviceGray having to do with facilities or resources located underwater, usually miles from the coast. division of a country larger than a town or county. 2 terms. /Type /ExtGState Let's start with the one that Columbus first encountered: the Caribbean. However, its cool winters and mild summers promote the growth of mosses, ferns, fungi, and lichens. The Great Plains are also home to rich deposits of oil and natural gas.Much of the fertile soil was formed from material deposited during the most recent glacial period. National Geographic Headquarters This permafrost keeps moisture near the soil’s surface, promoting vegetation growth even in the extreme, Arctic conditions of the tundra. Goal: Describe and compare North America's diverse geographical regions and assess role of geographic factors in trade and settlement Hello people, we made this webpage to help you people learn more about the geography of North America. The continents are, from largest to smallest: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Antarctica, Europe, and Australia. amberkay60. Diane Boudreau The Florida Keys are a string of coral islands that reach the southernmost city on the United States mainland (Key West). /Filter /FlateDecode /Producer (�� Q t 4 . /Font << large grassland; usually associated with the Mississippi River Valley in the United States. area of land that receives no more than 25 centimeters (10 inches) of precipitation a year. << [ ] amberkay60. cold, treeless region in Arctic and Antarctic climates. Search through these resources to discover more about unique landforms and landscapes around the world. Some diverse biomes represented in North America include desert, grassland, tundra, and coral reefs.Western RegionYoung mountains rise in the west. The tundra, stretching along the northern borders of Alaska and Canada to the Hudson Bay area, is a biome common to the Canadian Shield. /Parent 2 0 R 70 terms. As glaciers retreated, streams of melted ice dropped sediment on the land, building layers of productive soil. North Americas physical geography, environment and resources, and human geography can be considered separately. If you have questions about how to cite anything on our website in your project or classroom presentation, please contact your teacher. >> The tundra is characterized by permafrost—soil that is frozen for two or more years. Landform and Region IDs. /Type /Page /XObject << North American Physical Geography The United States and Canada All images courtesy of Wikimedia and Google Maps Important Physical Features Rocky Mountains Largest mountain range in North America Also the youngest Reaches higher altitudes than the Appalachian Mountains Stretches from Alaska to Mexico Appalachian Mountains Second largest North American range Oldest range in North America … /Annots 11 0 R << Others are found off the Florida Keys, a chain of cays—small islands situated on a coral reef platform—near the southern coast of the U.S. state of Florida. dark, solid fossil fuel mined from the earth. The Sierra Madre include many high volcanoes (up to 5,636 meters, or 18,500 feet) that stretch across Mexico south of the cities of Guadalajara and Mexico City. to fill one substance with as much of another substance as it can take. The Rockies stretch from the province of British Columbia, Canada, to the U.S. state of New Mexico. North America, the third-largest continent, extends from the tiny Aleutian Islands in the northwest to the Isthmus of Panama in the south. 2 terms. >> Physical boundaries include oceans, cliffs, or valleys. /Length 9 0 R Physical Geography and North America. All rights reserved. Code of Ethics. Some coral reefs surround islands, such as the Bahamas, Antigua, and Barbados. /ColorSpace << These large deserts are located in the rain shadows of nearby mountains. Any interactives on this page can only be played while you are visiting our website. movement of air (from a high pressure zone to a low pressure zone) caused by the uneven heating of the Earth by the sun. In all that space the climates range from subtropical in Florida and nearby areas to polar in Alaska and much of Canada. The mountains include temperate rain forest—a biome unique to the area. community and interactions of living and nonliving things in an area. Yellowstone National Park, in the U.S. states of Wyoming, Montana, and Idaho, has some of the world’s most active geysers. /CA 1.0 natural hot spring that sometimes erupts with water or steam. It also contributes to the rich, fertile soils of the region.Some of the Earth’s youngest mountains are in the Cascade Range of the U.S. states of Washington, Oregon, and California. Washington, D.C.: National Geographic Society. Lichens, mosses, algae, and succulents take advantage of these shallow waters. >> 37 terms. 4 \( C \) 2 0 1 1 N o k i a C o r p o r a t i o n a n d / o r i t s s u b s i d i a r y \( - i e s \)) The Sonoran is in the rain shadow of the Coast Ranges, the Mojave is in the shadow of the Sierra Nevada, and the Chihuahuan is in the shadow of the Sierra Madre. A continent is one of Earth’s seven main divisions of land. able to produce crops or sustain agriculture. Some of these trees grow to more than 90 meters (300 feet) tall and 3 meters (10 feet) in diameter. x��]K��8r�ׯȳ���� ��0�������Q��bѽ�x���B��$%�R-��]9��(2��"~�Ͽ����~�������z����^�I����ɤS������/�����ӟ���G�職6T���_�������@�������dN����z����:�9������)�'�����.�]������o�p���οSz�h���v��˫���|u��!��է����?�趹v���?����/����?�.�O����B stream Notable desert plant species includes the saguaro cactus, Joshua tree, and mesquite. These islands are often surrounded by coral reefs, and are home to a diverse range of biomes, or ecosystems. Top 20 North America Facts 1. Coral reefs are made of millions of tiny animals—corals—that form a hard shell around their bodies. endobj solid material transported and deposited by water, ice, and wind. Lesson 2: Naming and Writing Formulas for Ionic Co… 4 terms. Extreme weather prevents the growth of large plants but is perfectly suited to the native grasses that dominate the region. endobj This ice age reached its peak about 18,000 years ago. In terms of physical geography, North America can be divided into 5 distinct regions, each characterized by specific landforms and physical features. /GSa 3 0 R Start studying Physical Geography of North America. The Great Lakes form the planet’s largest area of freshwater. It is home to the world's largest river (the Amazon) as well as the world's driest place (the Atacama Desert). Also known as petroleum or crude oil. vast swampy region flowing south of Lake Okeechobee in Florida. A cordillera is a long series of mountain ranges. Mexico and Central America’s western coast are connected to the mountainous west, while its lowlands and coastal plains extend into the eastern region. Grain grown in this region, called the “Breadbasket of North America,” feeds a large part of the world. 4 0 obj 1145 17th Street NW permanently frozen layer of the Earth's surface. wetland of soft ground made mostly of decaying plant matter. 11 0 obj The continent includes the enormous island of Greenland in the northeast and the small island countries and territories that dot the Caribbean Sea and western North Atlantic Ocean.

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