Reproduction in whole or in part without permission is prohibited. The Gila Woodpecker is monogamous by nature. Owls, kestrels and other birds will use a vacated woodpecker hole for their own nest. Gila Woodpecker is classified as “Least Concern” by the IUCN. They also have been known to steal dog food from backyard porches. Predators of the gila woodpecker can include bobcats, coyotes, hawks, housecats, snakes and fox. They are known to hang on the garden humming-bird feeders and hastily lick the sugary water. Discover How Long Gila woodpecker Lives. The eggs have a twelve to fourteen days incubation period. Compare with the White-browed Treecreeper of the Australian Desert. It raises about 2-3 broods in a single season. Let us read the behavioral patterns of this bird species. Size: These birds are 8 to 10 inches long. Both the parents share the 2 week incubation phase and feed the young one for a month after they are hatched. They search for irregularities in the bark and are curious to get inside the holes of dead wood. Woodpeckers have very strong head and neck muscles so they are able to withstand the shock of pecking into trees and other materials. This woodpecker calls in a rolling “churr” sound. Gila Woodpecker mates from April through August. The males are very aggressive when it comes to protecting their nests. Gila Woodpecker. This gives the inner pulp time to dry and creates solid, firm walls within the cavity. Gila woodpeckers nest in saguaro cacti in holes they excavate. It prefers solitude to company during the reproduction phase. A brash, noisy woodpecker of desert regions. Buff-gray head has a small red cap. A desert species, the Gila Woodpecker makes nest holes in Saguaro cactus, riparian trees and buildings. All guests, including members, must reserve tickets in advance. Both male and female gila woodpeckers have a brown face, black and white zebra striped back, and white wing patches that are visible during flight. Gila woodpeckers are very noisy and their voice is a rolling 'churr' sound. They are even known to hang on human placed hummingbird feeders and sip up the nectar. Currently they are not threatened in the wild. Adults have a light grayish-brown head, neck, and underparts. The lower belly is golden yellow and the legs are a dark greenish-brown. Woodpeckers. Cavities excavated by these woodpeckers in saguaro cacti (known as a "boot" ) are later used by a variety of other species, including the elf owl. If food is abundant then Gila may have a second clutch in the month of July. Primarily, they do not live in Antarctica, Madagascar, Australia, New Zealand, or New Guinea. Woodpeckers nest in cavities that they excavate with their long beak. These birds are found in southeastern part of California, southwestern Nevada, southern Arizona, southwestern New Mexico and southern part of central Mexico. Outside of these areas, different Woodpecker species live in North, Central, and South America, as well as Eurasia and Africa. Gila woodpeckers are solitary diurnal birds; they spend much of the day foraging and at night roost in their cavities. There, they typically lay 3–4 white eggs, although as many as 6 or 7 have been noted. When Gila’s carve out a nest hole in saguaro cactus, they usually do not inhabit it for several months. After digging the nest hole, the mating pair allows the cactus to dry up for quite a few months before it is utilized again. While most woodpeckers excavate nest cavities in dead trees, Gila Woodpeckers dig out nest holes in living saguaro cactus that tower above the arid landscape. Weâre open! Quick Facts Woodpeckers will loudly bang on metal chimneys and pipes to declare their territories and to attract mates. The inside of a cactus provides a safe, cool place for the woodpeckers to raise their young. It makes a “yip yip yip” and also a “kee-u kee-u” sound. Adult males have a red cap of feathers on the top of their head. The adult woodpecker weighs about 3.5 oz (68 gm) and is 8-10 inches long (20-25 cm). It has a white rump. The young ones are bare and blind at first but become completely clothed in the feathers before leaving the nest. Distribution of the Woodpecker. Gila Woodpeckers eat mainly insects, but they will also eat cactus fruits, mistletoe berries and other seasonal fruits. They are found foraging in the canopy of trees. They permanently inhabit the Sonoran Desert. Wingspan: Their wingspan stretches up to 16 inches. The Gila Woodpecker feeds on beetles, grasshoppers, ants, fruits from saguaro cactus, berries and mistletoe. While the males search the trunk and main branches of the cacti for insects, the females hunt for the diseased parts or the ends of the branches. Woodpeckers’ have 2 toes on each foot which are pointing forwards and 2 which are pointing backwards. During winters these spectacular birds migrate to southern parts of USA. The toes help them stick to trees and branches in a vertical posture. Members of this family are found worldwide, except for Australia, New Guinea, New Zealand, Madagascar, and the extreme polar regions. Wings have large white patches visible in flight. Most species live in forests or woodland habitats, although a few species are known that live in treeless areas, such as rocky hillsides and deserts, and the Gila woodpecker specialises in exploiting cacti. Melanerpes uropygialis . http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gila_Woodpecker, http://www.desertmuseumdigitallibrary.org/kids/FunFacts/Gila_Woodpecker.html, https://notes-in-nature.org/2017/06/29/gila-woodpecker/, http://www.birdinginformation.com/birds/woodpeckers/gila-woodpecker/, http://www.avianweb.com/gilawoodpeckers.html, http://www.oiseaux-birds.com/card-gila-woodpecker.html, Your email address will not be published. Bill: They have black colored, pointed bills. These birds live nearly across the globe, but they are absent from a few areas. In captivity these woodpeckers can live up to ten years. Primarily, they do not live in Antarctica, Madagascar, Australia, New Zealand, or New Guinea. All rights reserved. Color: The head, throat, breast and belly are brown colored with a small red cap on top of its head. Their calls may resemble a to that of a Rubber ducky. The woodpecker removes the pulp of the cactus, usually between the skin and the cactus ribs (the larger gilded flicker also excavates holes in saguaros). But for Gila Woodpeckers and Gilded Flickers, saguaros serve in place of trees: these woodpeckers go hitching their way up the sides of the giant cactus, and give voice to strident calls when they reach the top. They however live up to seven years in the wild. Its abandoned nesting and roost holes provide shelter for birds, mammals and reptiles.