Three years after the Norman Conquest, Hereward returns to England and encounters the brutality of the new regime. Together with the Danes, he laid siege to the monastery on the Isle of Ely in The Fens of East Anglia, and the Dano-Saxon rebels had good food supplies, local allies, and support from Earl Morcar of Northumbria. He then crept up on a group of drinking Normans, slaughtering them before placing their heads above his door.  It was then published in two volumes in 1866. William then supposedly enlisted the help of an old witch to terrorize the rebels, and Hereward set the fens and the wtich's tower on fire to strike back. Biography. Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. He sets off to see the world, considering such options as the Vikings of the northern seas, the Irish Danes or service with the Varangian Guard in Constantinople. He is accompanied by Martin Lightfoot, a devoted but eccentric servant. Historica Wiki is a FANDOM Games Community. Hereward is, in Kingsley's novel, the son of Leofric, Earl of Mercia, and Lady Godiva. Hereward the Wake was born in Bourne, Lincolnshire, England in 1035 to a Danish father, Asketil, and an Anglo-Saxon mother. The Normans then bribed local monks to lead them via secret route to the island, and Hereward was defeated; Edwin of Mercia was killed, while Morcar was again imprisoned. It was Kingsley's last historical novel, and was instrumental in elevating Hereward into an English folk-hero.. He fled into the fens, where he was harboured by Abbot Thurstan of Ely. Hereward the Wake (1035-1072) was an Anglo-Saxon nobleman who led a initially successful, yet short-lived rebellion against the Norman lords of England from East Anglia in 1070.. He brawls his way through Cornwall and eventually arrives at the court of Baldwin of Flanders. 'Wake' means watchful or wary but was added many years after he died, and reasons for the name have become part of the legend. William of Normandy leads a host of mercenaries against Ely but they are repulsed with heavy losses when the English set fire to the surrounding reeds. The earliest references to his parentage, in the Gesta, make him the son of Edith, a descendant of Oslac of York, and Leofric of Bourne, nephew of Ralph the Staller. There is no evidence for this, and Abbot Brand of Peterborough, stated to have been Herew… Hereward was a minor noble, holding lands at Crowland in the boggy and marshy fenland. He was exiled at the age of eighteen for his disobedience to his father and his disruptive behavior, which had led to him being declared an outlaw by King Edward the Confessor. Hereward became a successful mercenary who took part in tournaments at Cambrai and married a Gallo-Germanic woman at Saint-Omer. Hereward was later liberated from prison by his followers and remarried to a woman named Alftruda after his first wife Turfida entered a convent; as he never received a pardon from William, Hereward went into exile in Scotland. In spite of this victory Hereward's resistance is worn down by the Norman invaders and the intrigues of the Countess Alftruda who separates the hero from Torfrida. He is introduced as an eighteen-year-old "bully and the ruffian of the fens" who is outlawed by Edward the Confessor at the request of his father. At a drunken feast he kills fifteen of them, with the assistance of Martin Lightfoot. Hereward the Wake exacted revenge on as many Normans as he could and then nailed the Norman heads above the door of the family house - he is said to have killed 14 Normans single-handed. Hereward the Wake: Last of the English (also published as Hereward, the Last of the English) is an 1866 novel by Charles Kingsley. , The novel had the effect of elevating Hereward into one of the most romantic figures of English medieval history. Hereward the Wake, (flourished 1070–71), Anglo-Saxon rebel against William the Conqueror and the hero of many Norman and English legends.He is associated with a region in present-day Huntingdonshire and Northamptonshire. Hereward the Wake was born in Bourne, Lincolnshire, England in 1035 to a Danish father, Asketil, and an Anglo-Saxon mother. Hereward eventually swears loyalty to William, acknowledging that the Norman is indeed king of all England. He went into exile in Cornwall, Ireland, and Flanders, taking part in Baldwin V of Flanders' expeditions in the Scheldt estuary during the early 1060s. Hereward the Wake (1035-1072) was an Anglo-Saxon nobleman who led a initially successful, yet short-lived rebellion against the Norman lords of England from East Anglia in 1070. Alternatively, it has also been argued that Leofric, Earl of Mercia and his wife Lady Godiva were Hereward's real parents. https://historica.fandom.com/wiki/Hereward_the_Wake?oldid=304878. Hereward was portrayed by actor Alfred Lynch. Married to Alftruda, Lord of Bourne and in favor with the king, Hereward is still hated by the "French" (Norman) nobles, most of whom have lost kinsmen fighting against him, Finally Hereward's prime enemy, Ivo Taillebois, surprises him in his ancestral home, where fighting almost alone he is killed after a brutal struggle. He sets off to see the world, considering such options as the Vikings of the northern seas, the Irish Danes or service with the Varangian Guard in Constantinople. Once there, he demonstrates his prowess against Baldwin's knights, and wins the love of Torfrida whom he marries.  However, not one episode of this BBC series has survived, according to the archive records. , The novel was first published in serial form in the monthly periodical Good Words from January to December 1865. Hereward then musters a force of English rebels and takes up camp at Ely in the Fens. He returned to England a few days after Baldwin's death in September 1067, finding his father's lands taken over by Normans and his murdered brother's head hanging above his home's door. In 1070, expecting a conquest of England by King Sweyn II of Denmark, Hereward and some followers joined a force of Danish sailors who had come to Ely. Hereward was a minor noble, holding lands at Crowland in the … , Hereward, the Last of the English by Charles Kingsley, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hereward_the_Wake_(novel)&oldid=966113435, Cultural depictions of William the Conqueror, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 July 2020, at 04:56. Partly because of the sketchiness of evidence for his existence, his life has become a magnet for speculators and amateur scholars. King William the Conqueror built a mile-long wooden ramp to the island, but the ramp collapsed when the Normans charged across it; many of them drowned due to the weight of their armor. , The BBC made a 16-episode TV series in 1965 entitled Hereward the Wake, based on Kingsley's novel. , The novel concerns the Anglo-Saxon (or as Kingsley preferred "Anglo-Danish") resistance to the Norman Conquest, and this reflects Kingsley's own admiration of Germanic (or "Teutonic") vigour.  Kingsley admired Norman discipline and chivalry, but makes it clear that primitive energies and virtues must never be entirely forsaken. Hereward takes revenge on the Normans who killed his brother. Hereward is, in Kingsley's novel, the son of Leofric, Earl of Mercia, and Lady Godiva. It tells the story of Hereward, a historical Anglo-Saxon figure who led resistance against the Normans from a base in Ely surrounded by fen land. He is accompanied by Martin Lightfoot, a devoted but eccentric servant. He is introduced as an eighteen-year-old "bully and the ruffian of the fens" who is outlawed by Edward the Confessor at the request of his father. At an early stage in his journey Hereward defeats a caged polar bear in single combat in the north of England.
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